Catalog # RX2015
Size 50 μg
The Ras-Raf-MAP kinase signaling pathway is involved in control of cell proliferation and differentiation. The Raf kinase family includes A-Raf, B-Raf, and C-Raf. Each family member has three highly conserved regions (CR1-3). The N-terminal CR1 contains the Ras-GTP-binding domain. The CR2 contains a negative regulatory serine residue (C-Raf (S259)/B-Raf(S365)) that may bind 14-3-3 proteins. The CR3 is the catalytic domain that contains phosphorylation sites for Raf-regulating enzymes within two segments, the N-region and the activation segment. Activation of C-Raf involves phosphorylation at many phosphorylation sites including Ser-338, Tyr-341, and multiple catalytic domain sites. In B-Raf, multiple phosphorylation sites have been identified, but their specific roles are uncertain. Phosphorylation of Ser-446 may prime B-Raf for activation, and Ser-446 and/or Ser-447 phosphorylation may be critical for B-Raf biological activity during PC12 differentiation. Ser-579 is required for growth factor activation and kinase activity. Thus, multiple sites of phosphorylation within Rafs may be important for regulation of their activity.
Brummer, T. et al. (2006) Oncogene 25(47):6262.
Karbowniczek, M. et al. (2006) J Biol Chem 281(35):25447.
Wilhelm, S.M. et al. (2004) Cancer Res 64:7099.
Mason, C.S. et al. (1999) EMBOJ 18(8):2137.
*For more information, see UniProt Accession P15056
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*All molecular weights (MW) are confirmed by comparison to Bio-Rad Rainbow Markers and to western blot mobilities of known proteins with similar MW.
This kit contains: