Cadherins are transmembrane glycoproteins vital in calcium-dependent cell-cell adhesion during tissue differentiation. Cadherins cluster to form foci of homophilic binding units. A key determinant to the strength of the cadherin-mediated adhesion may be by the juxtamembrane region in cadherins. VE-cadherin (Cadherin 5) is the major cadherin found in endothelial cells and has important roles during angiogenesis and maintenance of barrier permeability. The cytoplasmic domain of VE-cadherin comprises the juxtamembrane domain that binds to the p120 catenin, and the carboxylterminal domain that interacts with β- or γ-catenins. Modulation of tyrosine phosphorylation on one or more of the nine tyrosine sites in the cytoplasmic domain may be important for regulating both angiogenesis and permeability. Phosphorylation of Tyr-658 and Tyr-731 alters catenin binding, restores cell migration, and decreases barrier permeability. While VEGF-induced phosphorylation of Tyr-685 occurs through c-Src, and regulates endothelial cell migration, but not permeability.
Potter M.D. et al. (2005) J Biol. Chem. 280(36):31906.
Wallez Y. et al. (2007) Oncogene 26:1067.
*For more information, see UniProt Accession P33151
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*All molecular weights (MW) are confirmed by comparison to Bio-Rad Rainbow Markers and to western blot mobilities of known proteins with similar MW.
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