Catalog # AX5595
unphosphorylated AIFM1 (Ser-116)
Size 50 μg
Apoptosis-inducing factor (AIFM1, AIF, PDCD8) is a ubiquitously expressed flavoprotein that plays a critical role in caspase-independent apoptosis. AIFM1 is expressed as a 66 kDa precursor protein before being N-terminally cleaved to 62 kDa and localized to the mitochondrial intermembrane space. In response to apoptotic stimuli, AIFM1 is released from the mitochondrial intermembrane as a 57 kDa fragment that can translocate to the nucleus. Treatment of isolated nuclei with recombinant AIFM1 leads to early apoptotic events, such as chromatin condensation and large-scale DNA fragmentation. Studies of AIFM1 knockout mice have shown that the apoptotic activity of AIFM1 is cell type and stimuli-dependent. Also, AIFM1 was required for embryoid body cavitation, representing the first wave of programmed cell death during embryonic morphogenesis. Structural analysis of AIFM1 revealed two regions, an oxidoreductase activity and a DNA binding domain. AIFM1 has dual functions, a pro-apoptotic activity in the nucleus via its DNA binding and an anti-apoptotic activity via the scavenging of free radicals through its oxidoreductase activity.
Lipton, S.A. and Bossy-Wetzel, E. (2002) Cell 111:147.
Delavallee, L. et al. (2011) IUBMB Life. 63(4):221.
*For more information, see UniProt Accession O95831
The products are are safely shipped at ambient temperature for both domestic and international shipments. Each product is guaranteed to match the specifications as indicated on the corresponding technical data sheet. Please store at -20C upon arrival for long term storage.
*All molecular weights (MW) are confirmed by comparison to Bio-Rad Rainbow Markers and to western blot mobilities of known proteins with similar MW.
This kit contains: