Catalog # PP3951

Prion Protein (Ser-43), phospho-specific Antibody

Rabbit Polyclonal

Application Dilution
ELISA1:2000
WB1:1000

Size 100 μl

Species Reactivity Hu, Rt, Ms

MW 27 kDa

DATASHEET  




$295

Prion related neurodegenerative diseases, called transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, are observed in many animal species. These diseases involve conversion of normal cellular prion protein (PrPc) into a form that is insoluble and resistant to proteases (PrPSc). The protease resistant form can polymerize into fibrils which accumulate in infected tissues and cause cell death and tissue damage. PrPs have an N-terminal signal sequence and a C-terminal linkage to glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor. The mature protein is a glycosylated protein that associates with cell membranes. Phosphorylation of PrPC at Ser-43 by Cdk5 promotes proteinase K resistance, prion aggregation, and fibril formation in vitro. In addition, Ser-43 phosphorylation is upregulated in scrapie-infected mouse brain relative to controls. Thus, phosphorylation of Ser-43 may be an important mechanism leading conversion of PrPc to PrPSc and the onset of disease.

 

References

Gianoupolous, P.N. et al. (2009) J. Neurosci. 29:8743.
Monari, L. et al. (1994) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 91:2839.
Kascsak, R.J. et al. (1987) J. Virology. 61:3688.
Prusiner, S.B. (1982) Science. 216:136.

Western blot of GST recombinant human full-length prion protein that was untreated (lanes 1 and 3) or phosphorylated with Cdk5/p25 (lanes 2 & 4). Endogenous prion phosphorylation was examined in human PC3 cells untreated (lanes 5 & 7) or treated with Calyculin A (100 nM) for 30 min (lanes 6 & 8). The blots were probed with anti-Prion protein (3F4) (lanes 1, 2, 5, & 6) or anti-Prion protein (Ser-43) (lanes 3, 4, 7, & 8).



Prion Protein (Ser-43) antibody was generated from a phospho-peptide that included amino acids surrounding Serine 43 in human prion protein. This sequence has high homology to the conserved site in rat, mouse, and bovine prion protein.

*For more information, see UniProt Accession P04156
Rabbit polyclonal, affinity-purified antibody is supplied in 100µl phosphate-buffered saline, 50% glycerol, 1 mg/ml BSA, and 0.05% sodium azide. Store at –20°C. Stable for 1 year.

The products are are safely shipped at ambient temperature for both domestic and international shipments. Each product is guaranteed to match the specifications as indicated on the corresponding technical data sheet. Please store at -20C upon arrival for long term storage.

This antibody was affinity purified using phospho-Prion Protein (Ser-43) peptide (without carrier). The antibody detects a human recombinant Prion protein after phosphorylation by Cdk5/p25 complex. In addition, the antibody may detect aggregrated forms of prion in human PC3 cells treated with Calyculin A.

*All molecular weights (MW) are confirmed by comparison to Bio-Rad Rainbow Markers and to western blot mobilities of known proteins with similar MW.

This kit contains:

KIT SUMMARY