Plexins are a family of large integral membrane proteins that complex with neuropilins to form semaphorin co-receptors. The extracellular region of plexins contains a semaphorin domain, multiple glycine-rich motifs, and MET-related sequences. The cytoplasmic region contains a Sex/Plexin domain and putative tyrosine phosphorylation sites that mediate signal transduction after activation. This region in Plexin-A1 binds the RhoGTPases, Rnd1 and RhoD. Recruitment of Rnd1 has been implicated in the cytoskeletal collapse that occurs after semaphorin-mediated activation of Plexin-A1, while RhoD may block this collapsing activity through interaction with the cytoplasmic region of Plexin-A1. The expression of Plexin-A1, along with the co-receptor Neuropilin-1, is upregulated in neurons after central nervous system injury. The axons from these neurons cannot cross semaphorin 3A-containing regions at the site of injury. Thus, semaphorin 3A and its co-receptors, Plexin-A1 and Neuropilin-1, may have significant roles in axon regeneration after neuronal injury.
Tamagnone, L. et al. (1999) Cell 99:71.
Kolodkin, A.L. et al. (1993) Cell 75:1389.
*For more information, see UniProt Accession Q9UIW2
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*All molecular weights (MW) are confirmed by comparison to Bio-Rad Rainbow Markers and to western blot mobilities of known proteins with similar MW.
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