Osteopontin (OPN) is a 34 kDa sialic acid rich member of small integrin-binding ligand N-linked glycoproteins. It is expressed in many different tissues and is post-translationally modified at multiple sites with both glycosylation and phosphorylation. The mature post-translationally modified protein is 60 kDa. OPN is involved with cell survival, proliferation, invasion, and stem like behavior. OPN can interact with CD44, bind hydroxyapatite, and activates many integrins. These interactions are important for OPN function in cell matrix formation. A higher presence of OPN has been found in a variety of cancers, leading to increased tumor growth and metastasis. In addition, OPN is involved in type I immunity through its function as a cytokine where it can enhance production of interferon-gamma and interleukin-12 and reduce production of interleukin-10.
Sodek, J. et al. (2000) Crit Rev Oral Biol Med. 11(3):279
*For more information, see UniProt Accession P10451
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*All molecular weights (MW) are confirmed by comparison to Bio-Rad Rainbow Markers and to western blot mobilities of known proteins with similar MW.
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