Catalog # HP4291

Histone H2B (C-terminus) Antibody

Rabbit Polyclonal

Application / Dilution

Size 100 μl

Species Reactivity Hu, Rt, Ms, F

MW 15 kDa



The nucleosome is a protein complex consisting of four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). Two molecules of each histone forms an octamer that makes up the nucleosome. DNA wraps around repeating nucleosome units to generate chromatin structures. The structure of chromatin determines the accessiblity to transcription factors. Post-translational modification of the amino-terminal tail of histones in nucleosomes alters chromatin structure to promote or inhibit transcription. Complex alterations in acetylation, methylation, ubiquination, and/or phosphorylation determine the chromatin structural changes that occur during specific phases of the cell cycle or in response to cell stimuli. One mode of regulating histone H2B activity is through phosphorylation in the amino terminal region. Important sites of phosphorylation include Ser-14, Ser-32, and Ser-36. AMPK phosphorylates Ser-36 on histone H2B during cell stress leading to increased transcription and cell survival, while ectopic expression of an unphosphorylatable histone H2B during cell stress reduces transcription of AMPK-dependent genes and lowers cell survival.


Lau, A.T. et al. (2011) J Biol Chem. 286(30):26628.
Ajiro, K. et al. (2010) Cell Death Differ. 17(6):984.
Bungard, D. et al. (2010) Science. 329(5996):1201.
Workman, J.L. & Kingston, R.E. (1998) Annu Rev Biochem. 67:545.

Western blot analysis of human Jurkat cells treated with calyculin A (100 nM) for 30 min. (lanes 1, 3, & 5) then the blots were treated with lambda phosphatase (lanes 2, 4, & 6). The blots were probed with anti-Histone H2B (C-terminus) (lanes 1 & 2), anti-Histone H2B (Ser-36) (lanes 3 & 4), and anti-Histone H2B (a.a. 33-47) (lanes 5 & 6).

Immunocytochemical labeling of Histone H2B in methanol and acetone fixed rat A7r5 cells. The cells were labeled with rabbit polyclonal Histone H2B (C-terminus) antibody (HP4291), then the antibody was detected using appropriate secondary antibody conjugated to DyLight® 594.

Histone H2B synthetic peptide (coupled to carrier protein) corresponds to amino acids in the C-terminus of human histone H2B. This sequence is well conserved in rat, mouse, fish, and drosophila histone H2B, and has low homology to other histone family members.

*For more information, see UniProt Accession P33778
Rabbit polyclonal, affinity-purified antibody is supplied in 100µl phosphate-buffered saline, 50% glycerol, 1 mg/ml BSA, and 0.05% sodium azide. Store at –20°C. Stable for 1 year.

The products are are safely shipped at ambient temperature for both domestic and international shipments. Each product is guaranteed to match the specifications as indicated on the corresponding technical data sheet. Please store at -20C upon arrival for long term storage.

The antibody detects a 15 kDa* protein corresponding to the molecular mass of Histone H2B on SDS-PAGE immunoblots of human A431, Jurkat, HeLa, mouse C2C12, rat PC12, and A7r5 cells. The antibody also shows nuclear labeling in immunocytochemistry of methanol/acetone fixed cells.

*All molecular weights (MW) are confirmed by comparison to Bio-Rad Rainbow Markers and to western blot mobilities of known proteins with similar MW.

This kit contains: