Microtubles (MTs) are oriented with a fast growing plus-end and a slower growing minus-end. The MT plus-end is a crucial site for the regulation of MT dynamics and MT association with different cellular organelles by several groups of plus-end tracking proteins (+TIPs). These +TIPs form comet-like accumulations at the plus ends of MTs to regulate MT dynamics and interactions. The +TIPs include diverse groups of proteins, such as motor and nonmotor proteins, MT polymerases and depolymerases as well as various regulatory and adaptor proteins. The End-Binding (EB) family of +TIPs includes EB1 (MAPRE1), EB2 (MAPRE2, RP1), and EB3 (MAPRE3, EBF3). EB proteins are ubiquitiously expressed +TIPs that can dimerize through a coiled-coil C-terminal region, and bind MTs through an N-terminal calponin homology domain. EB proteins can stabilize MTs, increase MT dynamics, and suppress MT pauses. These activities of EB proteins are important for mitotic spindle formatin and chromsome alighnment during mitosis, and may have important roles in the centrosome and cilia assembly.
Komarova, Y. et al. (2005) Mol Biol Cell. 16(11):5334.
*For more information, see UniProt Accession Q6PER3
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*All molecular weights (MW) are confirmed by comparison to Bio-Rad Rainbow Markers and to western blot mobilities of known proteins with similar MW.
This kit contains: