Sphingosine Kinase Antibody Products

Sphingolipids are metabolized into bioactive products that include ceramide, sphingosine, and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P). Sphingosine Kinase (SK1 and SK2) catalyze the phosphorylation of the lipid sphingosine, creating S1P. S1P subsequently signals through cell surface G protein-coupled receptors, as well as intracellularly, to modulate cell proliferation, survival, motility and differentiation. Regulation of SK1 and SK2 activity may occur through phosphorylation. SK1 is phosphorylated at Ser-225 by ERK leading to increased activity and translocation to the plasma membrane. SK2 is phosphorylated at Thr-578 in response to EGF, PKC activators, and phorbol esters.